- Oranges belong to the category of citrus fruits and are of the Citrus sinensis family. The citrus trees are of the same genus, Citrus, and remain largely interbreed able, that is to say that there is only one super species. Some citrus fruits include oranges, grapefruit, lemons, limes, etc. The fruits belonging to the citrus family are considered berries, as they are fleshy, soft, have seeds, and are derived from a single ovary.
The Orange fruit traces its origin to South-east Asia. The word orange, is an adaptation of the Sanskrit word narangah. The oranges, which were brought to Europe from India or China were of Citrus aurantium variety, the bitter orange. It is also referred to as the Chinese Apple or Applesin by many people. It is believed that the Duch, Portuguese, Spanish and Arab sailors planted citrus trees along their trading routes to prevent scurvey.
Production of Oranges
Oranges are grown in groves, and are grown extensively throughout the world. Brazil, USA and Mexico are amongst the top orange producing countries of the world. As the orange trees are sensitive to frost, care should be taken to prevent frost formation on the leaves, bark and branches. So, when sub-freezing temperatures are expected, the best part is to spray the tree with water, to protect it from temperatures that have dropped below the freezing point.
- Oranges are rich in a compound called Betacarotene, which is a powerful antioxidant that protects our cells from getting damaged
- A rich source of calcium, regular consumption of oranges helps build and maintain strong bones and teeth
- The fruit is also rich in Folic Acid, which is ideal for proper brain development
- Research has shown that inclusion of oranges in our daily diet aids in keeping blood pressure under check because of the ample amount of magnesium content in them
- Oranges contain a healthy dose of Vitamin C, which helps in antioxidant protection and also gives a boost to ones immune system, making it more strong and resistant to diseases
- The potassium present in the fruit facilitates the maintenance of the electrolyte balance in the cells of the body and also helps in maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system
- Potassium helps maintain electrolyte balance in the cells, and is important in maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system
- Vitamin B6 helps support the production of hemoglobin that carries oxygen to all parts of the body, and is present in ample amounts in oranges
- Oranges have also proven to prevent Kidney Stones
- Eating oranges helps in preventing ulcers and reduces the risk of stomach cancer
- People addicted to alcohol have found that their desire for liquor greatly reduces by drinking orange juice
- Consumption of large quantities of oranges decreases the mucus secretion from the nose
Nutritive Values (per 100g edible portion)